INTRODUCTION TO DISASTER 8 Hazard, risk, vulnerability, disaster significance, nature, importance, dimensions and scope of disaster management - national disaster management frame work- financial arrangements- disaster- management cycle. UNIT II SOURCES OF DISASTER 10 Natural disasters- significance, nature, types and effects - floods, drought, cyclone, earthquakes, landslides, avalanches, volcanic eruptions, heat and cold waves, climatic change - global warming - sea level rise - ozone depletion. Manmade disasters- nuclear , chemical, biological, building fire, coal fire, forest fire, oil fire, air pollution, water pollution, deforestation, industrial waste water pollution, road accidents, rail accidents, air accidents and sea accidents. UNIT III DISASTER MITIGATION AND HAZARDS ASSESMENT 10 Factors affecting damage – types, social status, habitation pattern, physiology and climate - Factors affecting mitigation measures - prediction – preparation - communication - area and accessibility - population - physiology and climate - Vulnerability Assessment and seismic strengthening of buildings - Vulnerability Assessment of Buildings procedure - Hazard Assessment-Visual Inspection and Study of Available Documents UNIT IV DISASTER MANAGEMENT 9 Disaster management - efforts to mitigate natural disasters at national and global levels - international strategy for disaster reduction- Rescue ,relief And Rehabilitation, Role Of National And International Agencies In Disaster Management-National Disaster Policy Of India (Salient Features). UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND CASE STUDIES 8 Applications of Science and Technology (RS, GIS, GPS) - Early Warning And Prediction Systems- Earthquake, cyclone, landslides, fire accidents, accidents- case studies